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Market Status

There is no genetically modified (GM or genetically engineered) rice on the market anywhere in the world.

Update: In January 2017, the US Food and Drug Administration approved human consumption of a GM insect-resistant rice developed by researchers at a Chinese university, but this GM rice is not yet approved for growing in China or the US.


In 2006, the Canadian government approved one GM herbicide-tolerant rice (Bayer CropScience), but it is not being grown in Canada.

  • In September 2011, the Chinese government stated it was suspending the commercialisation of genetically engineered rice. The future of GM rice in China remains uncertain.
  • In June 2011, the Ministry of Agriculture in Thailand laid a policy (“Rice Strategy”) that committed to non-GM rice as part of strengthening the nation’s rice production while promoting farmers’ livelihoods and consumer confidence. The policy is supported by Thailand’s Rice Exporters Association.

Rice is daily food for half of the world’s population. Genetically modified rice is a threat to our health, agriculture and biodiversity.

“Golden Rice” GM Vitamin-A Rice

“Golden Rice” is the name of a rice that has been genetically modified (GM, or genetically engineered) to produce betacarotene, which the body can convert into vitamin A. This beta-carotene gives the rice grains the yellowish colour that has inspired its name.

CBAN Factsheet: “Golden Rice” – GM Vitamin-A Rice July 2016

Genetically modified Golden Rice falls short on lifesaving promises: GMO activists not to blame for scientific challenges slowing introduction, study finds, by Gerry Everding, Washington University in St Louis, June 2, 2016

Don’t Eat the Yellow Rice: The Danger of Deploying Vitamin A Golden Rice, by Ted Greiner, Independent Science News, July 11, 2016

Is IRRI trying to hide GM golden rice failure? The International Rice Research Institute has rewritten their own statement to remove the suggestion of GM golden rice’s failure, November 2015

GR factsheet cover

Golden Rice – a complex tangle of unanswered questions, The Ecologist, February 2014

Genetically engineered “Golden rice” is touted as a solution to the serious health problems, including blindness, resulting from widespread vitamin-A deficiency in the Global South. Golden Rice has been in development for almost 20 years and is still being tested.

In February 2013, the International Rice Research Institute which is a partner in developing Golden Rice stated, “It has not yet been determined whether daily consumption of Golden Rice does improve the vitamin A status of people who are vitamin A deficient and could therefore reduce related conditions such as night blindness.” Click here to see archived quotes over the years about the progress of Golden Rice.

The first Golden Rice variety did not produce enough beta carotene (Provitamin A) – it produced only 1.6 micro g/gm of carotenoids. A child would have had to eat more than 10 kilograms per day to get a sufficient dose. The industry says they have now solved this problem with a better variety of the rice. The rice is called “Golden Rice” because of its colour but the beta-carotene that makes the rice yellow was an unexpected effect.

Vitamin A supplementation and food fortification in the Philippines (began in 1999) has already reduced vitamin A deficiency in preschool age children from 40% in 2003 to 15.2% in 2008 (the World Health Organization considers 15% to be the cutoff for when deficiency is considered a public health problem).

Other solutions to vitamin-A deficiency are available, such as delivering vitamin A supplements and fortifying vitamin A in staple foods, and are better targeted and more cost efficient. Furthermore, many conventionally bred plants show a high carotinoid content. Vitamin-A deficiency is a symptom of malnutrition and hunger due to severe poverty.