GM crops and foods NOT on the market in Canada
The following genetically modified (GM or genetically engineered) foods are not on the market in Canada in 2017:
- Apple – A GM non-browning apple was approved in Canada and the US in 2015. It is not yet on the market in Canada. It will be test-marketed by the company in the US in 2017.
- Fish – A GM Atlantic salmon was approved in Canada and the US and some is now sold in Canada. It is currently produced in Panama and may be produced in Canada (PEI) and the US (Indiana) in 2020.
- Potato – A new GM potato was approved in 2014 in the US and in 2016 in Canada; it is not yet in food stores in Canada and is not yet commercially grown in Canada.
- Wheat – There is no GM wheat grown anywhere in the world. In 2004, Monsanto withdrew its applications for approval of GM herbicide-tolerant wheat in Canada and the US.
- Flax – Canadian farmers suffered a GM flax contamination crisis in late 2009, despite the fact that GM flax has never been on the market.
- Rice – There is no GM rice grown anywhere in the world. The much-discussed Vitamin-A “Golden Rice” is still in experimental field trials.
Information from the Canadian Government is not clear
Health Canada and the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) have approved over 150 varieties of 15 types of food and crops under the broad categories they call “Novel Foods” and “Plants with Novel Traits” but:
- Not all of these “novel” products are produced using genetic engineering (In the CFIA list, GM products can be identified by looking for “LMO” which stands for Living Modified Organism).
- Many approved GM crop varieties are not currently on the market, and the government does not track this information.